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The application listed the company address as 1573-1576 Niagara Street in Buffalo, and their products were listed as tinner's snips and hand shears. In 1956 the company filed a trademark for "BLUE BIRD" as block text (no design), with the company's products listed as tinner's snips, battery service tools, and pliers. The overall length is 8.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating. The shank is also marked with a forged-in shield symbol enclosing a "B", as can be seen at the righthand side.The trademark was issued as #230,677 on August 2, 1927. The trademark was issued as #629,907 on July 3, 1956. 708 combination pliers in the 8 inch size, stamped "Guaranteed" and "Buffalo U. Readers familiar with our article on Bonney will immediately recognize this as the Bonney B-Shield Logo, a marking frequently found on early Bonney tools.Allen's safety screws were based on patent #960,244, filed by W. The advertisement at the left was published in the 1910 The company's earliest products were socket sets based on a "friction ratchet" design covered by patent #1,000,878, filed in 1910 by Fred R. The patent describes the design of a gearless ratchet, using a friction cam to alternately grip and release the drive wheel.The friction ratchet went into production in 1913 and was offered in various "Allen Friction Ratchet" socket sets with pressed-steel sockets and auxiliary drive tools, with Billings & Spencer providing the manufacturing for the ratchet itself.The nominal size "8 In." is forged into the handle, with "B&C" forged into the reverse (see lower inset). Besides the Model "D" set shown in the next figure, we have several other Quickway sets, including an early "D" in a wooden box. The Model D set was actually two sets in one, as it included a complete Model A set to cover the smaller sizes.

By 1915 the company was offering a new ratchet design with a swiveling drive gear as the "Allen Universal Wrench". The patent marked on the pliers describes a finger-actuated release mechanism, visible as the small lever on the bottom of the lower handle.In 1901 the wrench business of American Saw was purchased by John A. A." forged into the shank, with "Drop Forged Steel" forged into the reverse. The patent date refers to patent #1,205,149, filed by R. The models and sizes are, from the left, 40114 (7/16), 40116 (1/2), 40118 (9/16), 40119 (19/32), 40120 (5/8), 40122 (11/16), 40124 (3/4), 40126 (13/16), 40128 (7/8), 40130 (15/16), 40132 (1 inch), 40134 (1-1/16), and 40136 (1-1/8). The overall length is 10.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating. (See our article on Billings & Spencer for more information.) Fig.Roeblings Sons, according to an announcement in Fig. 1 5 inch alligator wrench of stamped construction, stamped with "American Saw Co." and "Alligator Pat'd" along circular arcs, with "Trenton, N. The reverse is stamped "1" (not shown) as the model number. 9B shows an "Any Angle" 8 inch adjustable wrench of the Bovee patented design, marked with "Any Angle Wrench" and "Lima O. Further information on S-K can be found in our article on Sherman-Klove and S-K Tools. 12 shows the 1/2-drive Artisan 4270 ratchet from the above set, marked with the Artisan brand on the raised panel, and with the model number and "Pat. This ratchet can be readily identified as S-K production by the patent #2,232,477, assigned to the Sherman-Klove Company. 21 shows our first example of the B&C "S" wrenches, a B&C 6 inch adjustable wrench, marked with "6-In" forged into the handle, and with "B&C" forged into the reverse (see lower inset). The finish is plain steel, with a few traces of blue paint remaining. During the 1920s the Bethlehem Spark Plug Company offered a series of well-designed socket sets under the "Quickway" brand.The members of the firm at this time were Caroline E. This trademark was renewed as recently as 1996, and the company's address is given as 8400 Lakeview Parkway in Kenosha, Wisconsin. The reverse has a forged-in code "JO.." visible at the end of the handle, another type of marking generally found on Bonney tools, and recently determined to be a date code.These markings indicate that the ratchet (or at least the forged body) was produced for Bethlehem by Bonney, and the "JO" date code indicates production in 1923. 32 shows a 1/2-hex drive Bethlehem sliding Tee handle from the Model D socket set, unmarked but with the characteristic copper finish.

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